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Expository Text

Comparing and Contrasting

Anticipatory Set

What is this word?
If you didn't know this word, you could figure it out by breaking it into meaningful word parts.

What are the two word parts in unlike?( prefix un- and the word like)

You have learned that the prefix un- means "not" or " the opposite of". The word like can mean " similar to ". Knowing the meaning of the word parts helps you figure out that unlike means "not similar to".


Dividing a word into meaningful word parts is not always the same as dividing it into syllables. Prerecord has three syllables but only two meaningful word parts, pre-and record.
Prerecord means "to make a copy ahead of time"


Have students to say the words.
Use the word parts to define each word.
Show students how the spelling changed when -ion was added to pollute.
pollute pollution (drop the final e before adding -ion.


Today you will begin a new unit. In Unit One you read narrative and expsitory text about codes.
In Unit 2 , you will be reading about unique sights in different areas of the United States and continue to read expository text and narrative text.


Activate Prior Knowledge
1. Have you ever heard the expression "fighting like cats and dogs".
Have you ever seen any dogs and cats fight or have you heard any stories about dogs and cats fighting?
Do you know of anyone who has dogs and cats as pets?

2. Pass out selection the students will be reading.
Say: Look at the title and look at the illustrations. What do you see in the illustration?
(a large dog and a cheetal, or a wild cat)

What do you think the selection will be about? ( cats, dogs)

3. What are the two main types of text we have been studying?(narrative and expository)
What is the purpose of each type?
(Narrative text tells a story, and expository text gives information.)

4. What are the elements of narrative text? (characters, setting, and plot)
What are the features of expository text?(title, headings, visuals)
What type of text is this selection? (expository)

5. Say:
The expository selections you read earlier were organized according to sequence of events.
The ideas were told in order. Another way to organize expository text is by comparing and contrasting two things.

Say: Open your notebooks to your NOES section. You will take Cornell notes for the information I am going to give you. Divide your sheet of paper into the three sections. Write your name, date, and topic at the top of the sheet. Today's topic is Comparing and Contrasting.

Compare means "to tell how two or more things are unlike."
Contrast mans " to tell how two or more things are different"

You will also write your vocabulary words on this sheet today, only. You will still use the Cornell note format to write the meanings.

6. Show the PowerPoint for the vocabulary words for the selection. Students will copy the words and meanings. Have students to read the sentence from the selection that uses each word.
Checking Understanding:
Ask the following:
What are some animal instincts?( flying south for the winter,

Show how you would look at someone you feel friendliness toward. (Students should smile.)

How do you socialize with your friends?(hang out together, go to the movies, text, talk on the phone)

Name two things that are unlike? (girl/boy fall/spring television/radio)

What is one thing you might do if you were feeling skittish?(jump when someone talks to you, avoid a person or situation, bite fingernails, pace back and forth, wring hands)

Name some domestic animals.(horses, dogs, cats)

7. Have students to partner read the selection.
Turn headings into questions. Highlight the information that answer the questions.

Guided Practice/Independent Practice

8. Have students to answer the questions after reading the selection.
Discuss the answers with the class.

Independent Practice:
Worksheet/ Exercises that cover
Compare and contrast
Questions about the selection