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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Study Guide

Computer Operating Systems Chapter 1

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. A(n) ____ is software that controls a computer.
a. application c. interface routine
b. operating system d. ROM routine

____ 2. In 1986, ____ was introduced and quickly became the most popular OS among IBM computers and IBM-compatible computers using the Intel 8086 processors.
a. MS-DOS c. OS/2
b. Windows d. CP/M

____ 3. A ____ interface is an interface that uses graphics as compared to a command-driven interface.
a. text c. common user
b. menu-based d. graphical user

____ 4. Vista has a new 3D user interface called the ____ user interface.
a. Glass c. Air
b. Aero d. Shield

____ 5. A(n) ____ is a low-end inexpensive laptop with a small 9- or 10-inch screen and no optical drive.
a. nettop c. Internet station
b. netbook d. ultralite

____ 6. A ____ makes it possible to boot a computer into one of two installed OSs.
a. hypervisor c. dual boot
b. virtualization layer d. quick boot

____ 7. A(n) ____ is the portion of an OS that relates to the user and to applications.
a. hypervisor c. GUI
b. interpreter d. shell

____ 8. The OS ____ is responsible for interacting with hardware.
a. kernel c. driver layer
b. abstraction layer d. ring

____ 9. The ____ interface between the subsystems in user mode and the HAL.
a. application c. primitive
b. executive services d. non-privileged services

____ 10. A ____ is a single task, such as the task of printing a file, that the process requests from the kernel.
a. fiber c. process
b. bundle d. thread

____ 11. ____ are small programs stored on the hard drive that tell the computer how to communicate with a specific hardware device such as a printer, network card, or modem.
a. Abstraction layer c. BIOS
b. Device drivers d. Input routines

____ 12. The ____ is normally located at the bottom of the Windows desktop, displaying information about open programs and providing quick access to others.
a. taskbar c. menu bar
b. Windows button d. task ribbon

____ 13. The ____ is usually on the right side of the taskbar and displays open services.
a. status tray c. system tray
b. display area d. identification area

____ 14. A(n) ____ is a program that runs in the background to support or serve Windows or an application.
a. interface c. daemon
b. slave d. service

____ 15. A ____ is one or more characters following the last period in a filename, such as .exe, .txt, or .avi.
a. filename c. file version
b. file extension d. file type

____ 16. The ____ dialog box in Windows Vista appears each time a user attempts to perform an action that can be done only with administrative privileges.
a. User Account Confirmation c. User Access Control
b. User Account Control d. User Access Confirmation

____ 17. Windows identifies file types primarily by the ____.
a. file contents c. file extension
b. resource fork d. companion stream

____ 18. Windows offers two ways to sync files: ____.
a. Briefcase and Offline Files c. Synchronization Tasks and Online Files
b. Network Neighborhood and Offline Files d. Briefcase and Synchronization layer

____ 19. From the ____ window, you can change the read-only, hidden, archive, and indexing attributes of the file.
a. Open c. Status
b. Attributes d. Properties

____ 20. A(n) ____ is a list of items that is used to speed up a search.
a. database c. shortcut
b. index d. block

____ 21. An applet has a ____ file extension.
a. .ctl c. .cpl
b. .crl d. .app


Match each term with the correct statement below.
a. Briefcase f. Parent folder
b. Virtual machine g. Legacy
c. Desktop h. File attributes
d. Service pack i. Patches
e. Compressed folder

____ 22. The initial screen that is displayed when an OS has a GUI interface loaded

____ 23. A major update or fix to an OS occasionally released by Microsoft

____ 24. Minor updates or fixes that are released frequently

____ 25. Older hardware and software

____ 26. An environment created by software that works as though it is a standalone computer system

____ 27. Contains the child folder

____ 28. Creates a folder with a .zip extension

____ 29. Creates a folder that can be used to sync up files in this folder with its corresponding folder on another computer

____ 30. Properties assigned to a file