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Gerunds and Infinitives

Gerund or Infinitive?

Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that are used as nouns.

Gerunds are made by adding -ing to the simple form of the verb (talk -> talking).

Infinitives are the simple form of the verb with the word "to" in front of it (talk -> to talk).

Many times, gerunds and infinitives follow another verb. Some verbs can only be followed by a gerund. Some verbs can only be followed by an infinitive. Some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive BUT, in some cases, the use of the gerund or the infinitive will change the meaning of the sentence. This lesson will list which verbs arwe followed by gerunds, which are followed by infinitives (or both), and give opportunity for practice.

Gerund List

The verbs below are common verbs that are followed by gerunds. These verbs are never followed by infinitives. (See Appendix 8 in Grammar Sense 3)
• enjoy
• appreciate
• mind
• quit
• finish
• avoid
• postpone
• delay
• keep
• consider
• discuss
• mention
• suggest
• advise
• deny

EXAMPLES:
1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________________________
6. ______________________________________________________________________
7. ______________________________________________________________________
8. ______________________________________________________________________
9. ______________________________________________________________________
10. ______________________________________________________________________

Infinitive List

The verbs below are common verbs that are followed by infinitives. These verbs are never followed by gerunds. (See Appendix 9 in Grammar Sense 3)
• hope to
• plan to
• intend to
• decide to
• promise to
• agree to
• offer to
• refuse to
• seem to
• appear to
• pretend to
• ask to
• expect to
• would like to
• want to
• need to
EXAMPLES:
1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________________________
6. ______________________________________________________________________
7. ______________________________________________________________________
8. ______________________________________________________________________
9. ______________________________________________________________________
10. ______________________________________________________________________

Both Gerund & Infinitive - No Meaning Change

The verbs below are common verbs that can be followed by gerunds or infinitives. The meaning of sentence does not change whether you use the gerund or infinitive. (See Appendix 10 in Grammar Sense 3)
• begin
• like
• hate
• start
• love
• can't stand
• continue
• prefer
• can't bear
EXAMPLES:

1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________________________
6. ______________________________________________________________________
7. ______________________________________________________________________
8. ______________________________________________________________________
9. ______________________________________________________________________
10. ______________________________________________________________________

Both Gerund & Infinitive - Meaning Change

The verbs below are common verbs that can be followed by gerunds or infinitives. The meaning of sentence does change whether you use the gerund or infinitive.
• remember
• regret
• stop
• forget
• try

EXAMPLES
1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________

3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________

5. ______________________________________________________________________
6. ______________________________________________________________________

7. ______________________________________________________________________
8. ______________________________________________________________________

9. ______________________________________________________________________
10. ______________________________________________________________________
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