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Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Study Guide

Network Fundamentals Chapter 6

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Nearly all NICs contain a(n) ____, the device that transmits and receives data signals.
a. keyboard port c. data transceiver
b. mouse port d. antenna


____ 2. By far, the most popular expansion board NIC is one that uses a(n) ____ bus.
a. onboard c. ExpressCard
b. PCI d. ISA


____ 3. PCIe slots vary depending on the number of ____ they support.
a. lanes c. cards
b. labels d. processors


____ 4. CompactFlash is an example of a peripheral device attached to the computer’s ____ bus.
a. internal c. onboard
b. external d. remote


____ 5. The primary difference between the two USB standards is ____.
a. connector pin organization c. speed
b. security limitations d. transceiver placement


____ 6. ____ is a set of data or instructions that has been saved to a ROM (read-only memory) chip (which is on the NIC).
a. Micro code c. EEPROM
b. Firmware d. Driver code


____ 7. Each time a computer starts up, the device drivers for all its connected peripherals are loaded into ____.
a. ROM c. RAM
b. EEPROM d. CMOS


____ 8. If the ____ NIC LED indicator is blinking, the NIC is functioning and receiving frames.
a. LNK c. TX
b. ACT d. RX


____ 9. A(n) ____ is the circuit board wire over which a device issues voltage to signal this request.
a. interrupt c. IRQ number
b. IRQ d. RX


____ 10. ____ is a type of microchip that requires very little energy to operate.
a. ROM c. CMOS
b. RAM d. EEPROM


____ 11. The ____ is a simple set of instructions that enables a computer to initially recognize its hardware.
a. BIOS c. EEPROM
b. Firmware d. Driver code


____ 12. The ____ setting specifies, in hexadecimal notation, which area of memory will act as a channel for moving data between the NIC and the CPU.
a. memory range c. IRQ range
b. base I/O port d. firmware ROM


____ 13. A NIC’s transmission characteristics are held in the adapter’s ____.
a. slot c. ROM
b. RAM d. firmware


____ 14. A ____ is a repeater with more than one output port.
a. bridge c. hub
b. switch d. router


____ 15. ____ hubs possess internal processing capabilities.
a. Passive c. Stand-alone hubs
b. Intelligent d. Workgroup


____ 16. Switches can create ____ by grouping a number of ports into a broadcast domain.
a. trunks c. gateways
b. spanning trees d. VLANs


____ 17. To eliminate the possibility of a broadcast storm, switches and bridges implement the ____.
a. RIP (Routing Information Protocol)
b. STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)
c. BGP (Border Gateway Protocol)
d. OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) protocol


____ 18. Switches that operate anywhere between Layer 4 and Layer 7 are also known as ____ switches.
a. peripheral c. content
b. STP d. multiport


____ 19. A ____ is a multiport connectivity device that directs data between nodes on a network.
a. switch c. router
b. bridge d. gateway


____ 20. ____ routing is a technique in which a network administrator programs a router to use specific paths between nodes.
a. Static c. Best path
b. Dynamic d. Link-state


____ 21. ____ are combinations of networking hardware and software that connect two dissimilar kinds of networks.
a. Routers c. Gateways
b. Switches d. Broadcast domains


Matching

Match each item with a statement below:
a. PCIe f. switch
b. FireWire g. cut-through mode
c. CardBus h. store-and-forward mode
d. repeater i. loopback adapter
e. bridge


____ 22. Have no means to interpret the data they retransmit.

____ 23. External peripheral device specifying 32-bit interface running at 33 MHz.

____ 24. Devices that connect two network segments by analyzing incoming frames and making decisions about where to direct them based on each frame’s MAC address.

____ 25. A switch running in this mode reads the entire data frame into its memory and checks it for accuracy before transmitting the information.

____ 26. Plugs into a port and crosses over the transmit line to the receive line so that outgoing signals can be redirected into the computer for testing.

____ 27. A switch running in this mode reads a frame’s header and decides where to forward the data before it receives the entire packet.

____ 28. Supports up to 16 lanes.

____ 29. Connectivity device that subdivides a network into smaller logical pieces.

____ 30. Uses the IEEE 1394 standard.
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