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NOUNS

Common and Proper Nouns

A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea

COMMON and PROPER NOUNS

A common noun names any person, place, thing or idea
Ex: book, dog, girl, building, city

A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing. A proper noun must begin with a CAPITAL LETTER.
Ex: The Hobbit, Spot, Sally, White House, Philadelphia

SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS
A singular noun names ONE person, place, thing or idea

A plural noun names more than one

Concrete and Abstract Nouns

A concrete noun names something that can be identified through one of the senses
Ex: tree, chair, music, school

An abstract noun names a quality or idea that cannot be seen, felt, tasted, heard, or smelled
Ex: kindness, health, love; honesty

Collective Nouns and Compound Nouns

A collective noun names a group or collection of people, animals, or things. Collective nouns indicate more than one, even in their singular form.
flock, army, crowd, team

* A compound noun is a noun made up of two or more words. Compound nouns may be written as one word, separated with a space, or joined by a hyphen
- hometown, ice cream, mother-in-law

FYI – Some words may be used as a noun or a verb. You can tell which part of speech it is by how it is used in a sentence
1) Lisa sat on the step. (step is a noun)
2) You should step around that big rock. (step is a verb)

Plural and Possessive Nouns

Plural indicates more than one. Add an s to form the plural of most nouns: The students are ready for the quiz.

Singular possessive shows that one person or thing has or owns something. Add ’s to form the singular possessive of most nouns: That student’s desk is a mess.

Plural possessive indicates that more than one person or thing owns or has something. Form the plural possessive of most nouns by adding s’: All the students’ books are new.

FYI: A contraction may use an apostrophe + s (‘s) to replace the being verb is: Which student’s competing in the contest?
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