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Drug Profile

Drug Profiles

Every medication must have a drug profile included in the package of the medication

The following information is included:
(1) Drug Name---includes generic name and trade name
(2) Classification---determined based on its effect on the patient and its mechanism of action
(3) Mechanism of Action--describes how the medication causes the intended effect
(4) Indications---Reasons or conditions why the medication is given
(5) Pharmacokinetics---Describes how the medication is absorbed, distributed, and eliminated from the body
(6) Side and adverse effects---lists the undesired effects that are found during the development of the drug
(7) Routes of administration---lists the route of administration for that drug
(8) Drug forms---lists available forms and their concentrations
(9) Doses-----amount of medication that should be administered for a particular condition
(10) Contraindications--Conditions under which it is inappropriate to administer the medication
(11) Special Considerations--Information necessary to administer the medication to pediatrics, pregnant, or geriatric patients, and any other special groups defined for the drug.

Drugs: Names, Sources, Classes, and References

(1) Generic Name---A general name for a drug that is not manufacture specific; usually name given to the drug by the company that first manufactures it (Exam. diazepam)
(2) Trade Name---The brand name registered to a specific manufacturer, also called proprietary name. Name given the chemical compound by the company that makes it. (Example: Valium)
Usually patent protected for 20 years from the date patent is submitted. Trade names are capitalized, generic are not.
(3) Chemical Name---A precise description of the drug's chemical composition and molecular structure
(4) Official Name--One listed in the U.S. Pharmacopeia once generic name has been approved by United States Adopted Name Council and drug approved by FDA. Followed by the initials USP or NF (National Formulary).

Drug Sources and Classifications

Four Main Sources: (1) Plants (digitalis, atropine)
(2) Animals and humans (insulin, epinephrine)
(3) Minerals (iodine, iron)
(4) Synthetic or chemicals (heptavox)

Drugs classified many ways: (1) Most common are based on effect that the drug has on a specific part of the body or specific condition
(2) classified by strength of scientific research and evidence that supports recommending their use.

Drug References:
(1) Physician's Desk Reference (PDR)
(2) Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) Handbook/Guidelines
(3) Epocrates (online)
(4) Tarascon's Pharmacopeia interactive Website
(5) Rxlist.com
(6) Medline plus.gov