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Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences

Simple or Complex Sentences

Compound Subject:
A sentence with a compound subject includes two or more subjects connected by a __________________.
Example: Ben and Jerry created a wonderful brand of ice cream.

Compound Predicate:
A sentence with a compound predicate includes two or more ____________ connected with a conjunction.
Example: Jerry washed and dried the dishes last night.

Clauses: What is a clause?
A clause contains a subject and a predicate.
An independent clause has a subject and a predicate, contains a complete thought and it makes sense by itself.
**It can stand alone.**
A dependent clause has a subject and a predicate, but it does not make sense by itself.
**A dependent clause can NOT stand alone. **

Simple Sentences
• A simple sentence contains a subject and verb.
• It expresses a single complete thought.
• A simple sentence is a single independent clause.

** A clause contains a subject and a verb **
Examples: 1. The cat _____________ through the dark house.
2. The wary mouse ____________ from underneath an upturned cereal box.
3. The predatory cat ______________and surveyed his surroundings.
4. The mouse _________________ for the safety of the nearly invisible hole under the cabinet.
Compound Sentences
• A compound sentence contains two independent clauses.
• Conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, and yet, so) join these independent clauses. (Hint: The conjunctions spell FANBOYS.)
• The conjunction used can impact the meaning of the sentence.

1. The cat was unsuccessful in his attempt to catch the mouse, ____________ the mouse was equally as unlucky in his attempt to get the cheese.
2. The dog had watched all of this, ______________ he had refused to become involved.
3. The mouse could wait until dark, ____________ he could risk a daylight raid on the pantry.
4. The cat usually slept during the day, ___________ curiosity held him at the corner of the kitchen.

Complex Sentences:
• A complex sentence is an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses.
• A subordinating conjunction begins the dependent clauses.
• A dependent clause that begins a sentence must be followed by comma.
• A dependent clause has a subject and a verb, but it does not make sense on its own.
1. __________ he gave it some thought, the mouse decided to wait until later for his trek.
2. The cat fell asleep on the warm kitchen _________ he was deprived of sleep the night before.
3. __________ the mouse heard the soft snoring of his sleeping nemesis, he scurried to the pantry and grabbed enough food for a week.
4. The dedicated, feline sleuth keeps his nightly vigil ________________ the foresighted mouse will not be venturing out this week.
Compound-Complex Sentences:
• A compound-complex sentence is a sentence that has at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
• The same subordinating conjunctions are used to introduce the dependent clauses.
• The same coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS) are used for joining the independent clauses.
1. _________ the two adversaries had spent years playing this “cat and mouse” game, they were joined by their children, and the fun continued.
2. Even though it seems the two were bent on the other’s destruction, the cat and mouse were rather fond of one another, _________ neither wanted the other’s defeat.
3. This game was begun thousands of years ago, and it will continue far into the future ___________ other cats and mice revel in hide-and-seek.

Grammar Rules:
A comma splice is when a comma separates two independent clauses without
a coordinating conjunction. Example: He went to the beach, he had a good time.
should be: He went to the beach, and he a had a good time.

A run on sentence usually doesn’t even have the comma. I continue to encourage students to use short sentences in their writing.
Example: He went to the beach he had a good time.
should be: He went to the beach, and he a had a good time.