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Exam 2 Study Guide

World History Term 2 Exam Study Guide 2010

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) The Concert of Europe was an agreement to
A support social reform. B support political reform. C support the old order. D support revolutions.

2) The ideas of liberals were sometimes called “bourgeois liberalism” because liberals spoke mostly for the
A common man. B middle class. C established church. D monarchy.

3) Creating a homeland for people who shared a common heritage was a major goal of
A revolutionaries. B liberals. C conservatives. D nationalists.

4) Conservatives of the early 1800s believed in
A natural rights. B constitutional government. C universal manhood suffrage. D the restoration of monarchies.

5) Liberals strongly supported laissez-faire economics as the best way to
A improve the lives of working-class people. B help businesses succeed. C maintain social and political stability. D bring about national unity.

6) Louis Philippe was called the “citizen king” because
A he did not come from royal heritage. B he treated people of all classes equally. C unlike other kings, he was a native of France. D he owed his throne to the people.

7) The Second Republic in France ended when
A Louis Napoleon became emperor. B Louis Philippe became emperor. C Louis Napoleon abdicated. D the Third Republic began.

8) What contributed to the overwhelming majority of French voters that supported Louis Napoleon and his Second Empire?
A His plans for a socialist state appealed to workers. B He promised to maintain the principles of the Second Republic. C Many voters thought a monarchy was more stable than a republic. D Many voters were impressed by his plans for universal suffrage.

9) In the 1700s, Latin American political and social life was dominated by the
A creoles. B mulattoes. C mestizos. D peninsulares.

10) What was a goal of revolutionaries in the Italian states in 1848?
A to unite the Italian states into one country B to overthrow King Frederick William IV C to end French occupation of northern Italy D to end Hapsburg domination and set up constitutional governments

11) A production method in which workers repeatedly perform one task in the manufacturing process is called
A interchangeable parts. B the Bessemer process. C cottage industry. D the assembly line.

12) The population of Europe exploded between 1800 and 1900 in large part because
A couples had more children. B medical advances reduced the death rate. C cities eliminated slums. D couples started families at a younger age.

13) The popular saying “A man’s home is his castle” reflected what middle-class value of the late 1800s?
A temperance B women’s suffrage C cult of domesticity D romanticism

14) What theory applied the idea of natural selection to the development of business and society?
A socialism B social gospel C Social Darwinism D capitalism

15) Romanticism can be described as a revolt against the Enlightenment’s emphasis on
A religion. B reason. C the past. D legends and folklore.

16) An artist of the mid-1800s who portrayed the harsh lives of slum dwellers was probably using what artistic style?
A realism B impressionism C neoclassicism D romanticism

17) The technology for America’s first textile factory came from
A Japan. B Britain. C Germany. D France.

18) The Bessemer process was a method for producing
A electricity. B textiles. C identical components. D steel.

19) What invention did the internal combustion engine make possible?
A the steamboat B the Wright Brothers’ flying machine C the telegraph D Faraday’s electric motor

20) A company that sells ownership shares to many investors is a
A corporation. B trust. C monopoly. D cartel.

21) Who discovered that sterilizing surgical instruments with antiseptics would help prevent infection?
A Florence Nightingale B Joseph Lister C Louis Pasteur D Robert Koch

22) What limited the effectiveness of women involved in the temperance movement?
A They cared too much about the suffrage movement. B They did not want to be involved in political issues of the day. C They could not vote and were barred from most schools. D They were too busy with their family life to vote.

23) Reformers in what movement argued that the use of alcoholic beverages harmed family life and reduced worker productivity?
A temperance B abolition C suffrage D social gospel

24) What did Mathew B. Brady accomplish in the visual arts?
A His pictures captured the beauty and power of nature. B He photographed the cathedral at Rouen, France from different angles. C He took realistic pictures of the Civil War. D He took postimpressionist pictures with a dreamlike quality.

25) In Bismarck’s practice of Realpolitik, his political actions were guided by
A the needs of the people. B traditional morality. C the principle of divine right. D the needs of the state.

26) William II asked Bismarck to resign because
A Bismarck had lost favor with the people. B William II wanted no rivals. C Bismarck had falsified William’s telegram to the French ambassador. D William II wanted a stronger military leader.

27) Bismarck introduced many social reforms in Germany because he wanted to
A avoid a socialist revolution. B fulfill the state’s obligation to its people. C win votes for reelection. D move the country toward democracy.

28) Which of the following was an obstacle to Italian unity?
A the efforts of the Risorgimento B identification with local regions C a strong monarch D the efforts of the Red Shirts

29) The Dual Monarchy was a combination of
A Austria and Germany. B Germany and France. C Austria and Hungary. D Germany and Hungary.

30) Tsar Alexander III launched a program of Russification, in which he
A emancipated the serfs. B introduced legal reforms, such as trial by jury. C suppressed non-Russian cultures within the empire. D secured foreign investment to develop Russian industry.

31) Bismarck’s editing of the Ems dispatch resulted in
A an alliance between France and Prussia. B an alliance between Sardinia and Prussia. C a war between Sardinia and Prussia. D a war between France and Prussia.

32) In the government Bismarck set up for the German empire, membership in the Reichstag was determined by
A a vote of all male citizens. B inherited titles of nobility. C appointment by the rulers of the German states. D Bismarck.

33) In the Kulturkampf, Bismarck’s goal was to
A unify the Germans and Austrians. B reduce the power of the socialists. C reduce the power of the Catholic Church. D increase his power over the monarch.

34) During the struggle for Italian unification, the “Red Shirts” were forces made up of
A anarchists. B nationalists. C socialists. D monarchists.

35) In 1859, Camillo Cavour provoked a war between Sardinia and Austria because
A he wanted to end Austrian power in Italy. B the Austrian king had insulted a Sardinian ambassador. C German forces would fight for Sardinia against Austria. D Austrian assassins had attacked Victor Emmanuel.

36) In 1800, Austria was ruled by the oldest ruling house in Europe, called the
A Hohenzollerns. B Hapsburgs. C Bourbons. D Romanovs.

37) Which of the following is a true statement about the Dual Monarchy?
A One parliament made laws for both Austria and Hungary. B Austria and Hungary became one country ruled by the Hungarian monarch. C Austria and Hungary shared the same constitution. D Austria and Hungary remained separate states.

38) By the 1800s Russian tsars saw the need to modernize, but they resisted because they thought reforms would
A undermine their absolute rule. B slow the pace of westernization. C undermine their industrial might. D hold back revolutionary reforms.

39) In 1832, large towns and cities in Britain received greater representation in Parliament as a result of
A the Great Reform Act. B the People’s Charter. C the secret ballot. D universal male suffrage.

40) Through reforms that took place during the late 1800s, Britain transformed itself into
A an oligarchy. B a constitutional monarchy. C a parliamentary democracy. D an aristocracy.

41) One result of the social welfare reforms passed in Great Britain in the early 1900s was that
A Marxism gained only limited support among the British working class. B the appeal of Irish nationalism gradually subsided. C the Conservative party became the dominant political party in Britain. D Britain finally abolished the slave trade.

42) What war brought an end to France’s Second Empire?
A Thirty Years’ War B Crimean War C Franco-Prussian War D Napoleonic War

43) In 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized
A a reform movement supporting temperance laws. B a convention to push for educational reforms. C a women’s labor reform protest movement. D the first women’s rights convention.

44) In the 1890s, U.S. farmers joined city workers to support the
A Populist party. B Labor party. C Socialist Workers party. D American Freedom party.

45) Rotten boroughs in Britain were
A run-down neighborhoods in London needing urban renewal. B rural towns that had an unfairly large number of representatives in Parliament. C politically corrupt towns and cities controlled by industrialists. D unclean factory towns that spread through Britain in the early 1800s.

46) What happened after the French helped Italian nationalists defeat Austria in the mid-1800s?
A Italian nationalists formed an alliance with Prussia. B France invaded the regions of Nice and Savoy. C Prussian troops invaded Italy to support Austria. D A united Italy became a rival on France’s border.

47) Which of the statements below is true about British social reforms of the mid-1800s?
A The number of capital offenses was increased. B Parliament shut down British penal colonies. C British mineowners were forbidden to hire women and children. D New laws limited women and children to a 10-hour work day.

48) In the 1800s, what was a major reason why the Irish resented the British in Ireland?
A The British prohibited the organization of Irish labor unions. B The British would not grant universal female suffrage. C Irish peasants paid high rents to British absentee landlords. D Irish peasants had to pay tithes to support the Catholic Church.

49) What leader, backed by royalists and ultranationalists, was accused of plotting to overthrow the French republic?
A Ferdinand de Lesseps B Georges Boulanger C Georges Clemenceau D Alfred Dreyfus

50) African Americans were allowed to vote in the United States when
A Congress declared Southern voter eligibility laws illegal. B Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860. C Congress passed the Fifteenth Amendment. D Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.

51) Which issue in the platform of the Populist Party eventually became law in the United States?
A the right of African Americans to vote B the abolition of alcoholic beverages C a system of free public education D the eight-hour workday

52) Which of the following was a Social Darwinist argument in favor of Western imperialism?
A Colonies would bring wealth and prestige to the home country. B Western nations needed outlets for their growing populations. C Westerners thought they had a duty to bring their civilization to inferior races. D Increased trade would benefit all peoples.

53) David Livingstone believed that opening the interior of Africa to Christianity and trade would
A end the slave trade. B reduce African resistance to European imperialism. C rob Africans of their culture and traditions. D spark revolts across Africa.

54) Ethiopia was able to remain independent because
A Europeans could not reach its remote location. B Europeans agreed to its independence at the Conference of Berlin. C Ethiopia modernized and imported European weapons. D Ethiopia agreed to accept Christianity as its state religion.

55) The interest of Europeans in Iran intensified with what discovery in the region?
A gold B oil C diamonds D copper

56) Rifle cartridges greased with animal fat were a key cause of the
A Sepoy Rebellion. B Mughal Rebellion. C Taiping Rebellion. D Armenian genocide.

57) Which country was able to preserve its independence by defeating Italian invaders in 1896?
A Rhodesia B Ethiopia C Algeria D Congo.

58) At the Berlin Conference, European powers agreed that, in order to claim part of Africa, a European power had to
A conquer the ruling African tribes there. B set up a government office there. C establish missions there to spread the Christian faith. D establish businesses there.

59) As the Boers of southern Africa migrated north, they clashed with the
A Asante. B Fulani. C Zulus. D Yao.

60) Which statement best describes how Catholic and Protestant missionaries interacted with African natives?
A They respected African cultures and religions. B They saw natives as children in need of guidance. C They turned a blind eye to the slave trade. D They treated the natives as equals.

61) What ruler is sometimes called the “father of modern Egypt” due to the reforms he made?
A Muhammad Ahmad B Muhammad Ali C Usman dan Fodio D Menelik II

62) What was one result of the Sepoy Rebellion?
A The British no longer used Sepoys in their army. B The British were driven out of the Hindu area of India. C The Sepoys won representation in the British colonial government. D Parliament ended the rule of the East India Company.

63) In the Treaty of Nanjing, Britain gained control of
A Hong Kong. B Taiwan. C the Suez Canal. D India.

64) The “self-strengthening movement” did not succeed in China because
A a multinational force crushed the movement. B Guang Xu was imprisoned by conservatives. C the Qing government did not support it. D Sun Yixian abandoned the movement.

65) In 1853, President Millard Fillmore sent a fleet of American ships into lower Tokyo Bay to
A start a war with Japan. B force Japan to open its ports. C offer American aid to help Japan industrialize. D force Japan to give up claims on Korea.

66) Which of the following was a result of the Russo-Japanese War?
A Japan gained control of Korea. B Russia gained control of Korea. C Japan gained control of Taiwan. D Russia gained control of parts of Manchuria.

67) What was a result of the treaty that ended the Spanish-American War?
A The Philippines gained independence from France. B The United States gained control of the Philippines. C The Philippines gained control of Cuba. D The Philippines gained independence from the United States.

68) The first British colonists to settle Australia in large numbers were
A sugar planters. B whalers. C Aborigines. D prisoners.

“The American continents are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.”

69) The quotation above expresses the main idea of
A the Roosevelt Corollary. B the Monroe Doctrine. C Dollar Diplomacy. D the Platt Amendment.

70) What “Hermit Kingdom” was forced to open its ports to Japanese trade in 1876?
A Korea B Malaya C Siam D Tokyo

71) Meiji reformers chose to model the new Japanese government after the government of
A the United States. B Great Britain. C Germany. D the Netherlands.

72) Siam avoided becoming a European colony by
A raising an army equal in size to European armies. B forming alliances with other peoples of Southeast Asia. C accepting unequal treaties and modernizing. D having little that European nations wanted.

73) What was a Filipino complaint about Spanish rule in the late 1800s?
A Filipinos did not have access to public education. B The Catholic Church abused its power. C Spain would not allow the Philippines to become a U.S. protectorate. D Catholic beliefs conflicted with traditional Filipino religious practices.

74) In the late 1800s, the United States, Germany, and Britain agreed to a triple protectorate over the Pacific island of
A Samoa. B Hawaii. C Malaya. D Borneo.

75) The United States gained control of the land for the Panama Canal by
A invading Panama and seizing the land. B helping the Panamanian revolt against Colombia in exchange for the land. C helping the Panamanians win independence from Spain. D backing an invasion of Panama by Colombia.

76) Which of the following was an effect of nationalism in Europe in the early 1900s?
A Britain made an alliance with France. B Austria feared increasing rebellion among its subjects. C Germany sought additional colonial territories. D Revolutionaries overthrew the Russian government.

77) Which of the following events caused Britain to fight in World War I?
A Austria gave Serbia an ultimatum. B Russia joined France to fight Austria. C Germany invaded Belgium. D Germany invaded Russia.

78) For which of the following reasons did the Schlieffen Plan fail?
A Belgium could not be defeated. B Germany did not have a strong army. C The United States joined the war. D Russia mobilized its army quickly.

79) A stalemate developed along the Western Front early in the war because
A The United States immediately joined the war. B Trench warfare made it difficult for either side to win an advantage. C the German army fought with outdated weapons. D the French army was able to push Germany out.

80) Why was the Ottoman empire considered such a valuable ally?
A It had a powerful navy. B It controlled Russian supply routes. C It was extremely wealthy. D It offered to give up territory for military support.

81) Some colonial subjects were eager to participate in the war because
A they wanted to earn extra money. B they believed they would gain greater civil rights. C they wanted more military experience. D they did not want the ruling country to win.

82) In the Zimmermann note, Germany offered which of the following to Mexico if it joined the Central Powers?
A rule over the North American continent B 3 trillion dollars in gold C the return of Mexican lands held by the United States D a fleet of submarines

83) Which of the following contributed to the United States’ decision to enter the war?
A friendly relations with Russia B fear of a poison gas attack C extensive experience with trench warfare D cultural ties to Britain

84) In general, the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles focused mainly on
A increasing German power. B punishing Germany. C decreasing American influence. D strengthening the Ottoman empire.

85) Which of the following groups seized complete control of Russia in 1917?
A the Black Hand B the Whites C the Serbian nationalists D the Bolsheviks

86) Which countries were members of the Triple Alliance?
A Germany, Italy, Russia B France, Russia, Britain C Austria-Hungary, Germany, Japan D Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary

87) By the early 20th century, Britain had built the world’s most respected navy because
A it needed to protect its vast overseas empire. B it was eager to go to war with Germany. C it feared economic competition from Russia. D it was a requirement of the treaties it had made.

88) One way nationalism increased tensions in pre-war Europe was that Germans
A were bitter about their 1871 defeat in the Franco-Prussian war. B were proud of their new empire’s military power and industrial leadership. C believed that they were the leaders of all Slavic people. D were growing less and less interested in acquiring overseas colonies.

89) Which of the following is the best explanation for Russia’s entrance into World War I?
A Russia wanted to punish Serbia for encouraging terrorism. B Russia stood by its one dependable ally, Austria-Hungary. C Russia wanted to defend the Slavic peoples in Serbia. D Russia wanted to avoid facing Germany alone at a later date.

90) Germany’s hopes for a quick victory on the Western Front were ended at the
A first Battle of the Marne. B Battle of Verdun. C Battle of Tannenberg. D Battle of the Bulge.

91) To defend their merchant ships against attacks from German submarines, the Allies
A suspended the transport of supplies by ship. B began shipping supplies using zeppelins. C organized the merchant ships into convoys. D resorted to trench warfare.

92) How was fighting on the Eastern Front different from fighting on the Western Front?
A Casualties were much lower on the Eastern Front. B Trench warfare was not as widespread on the Eastern Front. C Russian armies were better equipped than countries in the West. D The results of battles on the Eastern Front were more decisive.

93) How did the British blockade of ships carrying supplies to and from Germany violate international law?
A The British ships were all heavily armed. B The British took German sailors prisoner. C The British did not give warning before attacking supply ships. D The blockade confiscated food and clothing as well as contraband.

94) At first, the Allies welcomed the overthrow of Russia’s tsar in 1917 because
A it allowed Germany to concentrate its forces on the Western Front. B they hoped Russia would become more democratic and a stronger ally. C they believed the spread of Communism would help end the war. D the tsar had recently made a secret alliance with Germany.

95) Why did many Irish Americans oppose the United States’ decision to enter World War I on the side of the Allies?
A They feared the loss of Irish colonies due to the war. B They resented British rule of Ireland. C Many Irish immigrants to America were married to Germans. D They did not want to be allied with the Russian tsar.

96) Which of the following was one of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points?
A the division of Russia into East Russia and West Russia B the right of Eastern Europeans to choose their own form of government C a statement of American neutrality in World War I D a call for a large-scale increase in the production of arms

97) Which Allied leader wanted to weaken Germany at the Paris Peace Conference so that it could never again threaten France?
A Francis Ferdinand B Woodrow Wilson C Vittorio Orlando D Georges Clemenceau

98) After the war, European colonies in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific
A were relieved that their affairs would continue to be handled by the imperial powers. B felt betrayed by the outcome of the Paris Peace Conference. C gained newfound respect among Europeans. D strongly supported the mandate system established by the leaders at Paris.

99) Who was the leader of the Bolsheviks in 1917 during the November revolution?
A Gregory Rasputin. B Karl Marx. C V.I. Lenin. D Joseph Stalin.

100) During the three-year long civil war in Russia, the “White” armies were composed of
A Bolsheviks and other revolutionaries. B German refugees from World War I. C armies from France, Britain, and the United States. D tsarist officers, democrats, and other anti-Bolsheviks.