Elements of Art : Elements of Art The Elements of Art are the individual parts that make up the whole of an artwork. Not all the elements of art need to be used in a work of art, but most all works have at least some small aspect of each element. Master artists utilize the elements of art effectively in their artwork. The trick to being a good art evaluator, is to discover where and how the art elements are used in master artworks. To study an element of art, select one of the element buttons to the left. Make sure you go through all of the elements

Elements of Art :

Form is an element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses volume. Cubes ,spheres, and cylinders are examples of various forms.

Line is an element of art which refers to the continuos mark made on some surface by a moving point. It may be two dimensional, like a pencil mark on a paper or it may be three dimensional(wire) or implied( the edge of a shape or form) often it is a outline,contour or silhouette.

Shape is an enclosed space defined by other elements of art. shapes may take on the appearance of two-d or three- objects.

Color Is an element of art with three properties1) Hue, the name of the color, e.g. red, yellow, etc. 2) Intensity or the purity and strength of the color such as brightness or dullness. And 3) value, or the lightness or darkness of the color.

Texture refers to the surface quality or "feel" of an object, such as roughness, smoothness, or softness. Actual texture can be felt while simulated textures are implied by the way the artist renders areas of the picture.

Space refers to the distance or area between, around, above or within things. It can be a description for both 2 and 3 dimensional portrayals.

Value describes the lightness or darkness of a color.

Value is needed to express Volume.

LINE : a mark drawn with a pointed or moving tool such as a pencil, brush, pen, etc. It is the path of a dot through a space. A specific line's width is much smaller than that line's length. Lines can be straight, wavy, thick, thin, dotted, and more. Some lines are subtle, like the edges of an object such as a dog or a box. Some lines are more obvious, just like the black outlines in a coloring book.

LINE In the above painting, artist Judith Leyster uses lines to draw the viewers attention to the fiddler's face. The subtle lines of the violin shape, and the more obvious lines of the violin strings point to his face. Also, the lines from the edge of the table point to his face. Can you find any more lines that point the viewer in the direction of the fiddler's face?

SHAPE a two or three dimensional area that is defined by a boundary such as a line. There are two basic groups of shapes, Geometric Shapes and Organic Shapes. Some Geometric Shapes are squares, triangles, circles, and rectangles. Organic Shapes have a more natural appearance, such as clouds and leaves, and fish.

SHAPE In the piece above, artist Théodore Gericault, uses organic shapes. Although there are many shapes in this artwork, the artist seems to focus on a triangular shape throughout. The sitting position of the figure implies a large triangle. Then there are smaller triangular shapes in the bent of his arm, in the bottom half of his draped robe, and in the lapel of his shirt. And there are many more. Can you identify some of them?

SPACE ...the emptiness or area between, around, above, below, or within objects. Positive space is the main area or object of focus in an artwork. Negative space is everything else. Space can be used to make a two-dimensional artwork appear three-dimensional by giving a feeling of depth. Smaller objects in a space seem farther away. Larger objects in a space seem closer.

SPACE Andrew Wyeth, in the artwork above, uses space in an interesting way. He depicted large areas of negative space in the golden grass fields. He used this negative space to draw your attention to the figure of the girl and to the buildings because they stand out against all the negative space. Is the sky negative or positive space? Is the fence negative or positive space? What does Wyeth do to make the viewer know that the buildings are farther away from the girl?

VALUE the darkness or light of an object. Lighter values are used to indicate the light source, or where the light reflects off of, and/or shines on an object. Darker values are used to indicate the lack of light. Value is used to show the two-dimensional quality of an artwork. Values can affect the mood of an artwork. Lighter values might suggest happiness and contentment, whereas darker values might suggest sadness and depression.

VALUE Although there is also value in the use of color, the drawing above is a good one to study as an introduction to value. Artist Gustave Courbet uses the lightest values around the face of the girl to give it emphasis. Notice the small patch of light value in the hair. Can you see any other light values that indicate a light source. Dark values are used to show where shadows fall. Notice the dark shadow on the girl's blouse behind her neck, and also in the book under the slightly open pages. Can you see any other dark values that indicate a lack of light?

COLOR derived from reflected light. It is what is perceived when a wave of light strikes the eye. Color is dependent on light. There must be light to see color. There are many aspects of color. Here are a few to begin with: Primary Colors are red, yellow, and blue. No other colors can be mixed to make primary colors. Secondary Colors are green, orange, and purple. Mixing two primary colors together makes a secondary color. Tertiary Colors are colors such as red-orange, blue-green, and yellow-orange. Tertiary colors are made by mixing together on primary color, and one secondary color.

COLOR Warm Colors are on one side of the colorwheel, colors such as yellow, orange, and red. Cool Colors are on the other side of the color wheel, colors such as blue, green and purple. Tints are lighter values of a color. Shades are darker values of color.

COLOR Wassily Kandinsky uses many varied colors in this artwork above. It almost seems as if he his trying to use every color in the spectrum. He places a large section of warm colors on the left center side of the painting. In the right center of the painting he has chosen to use mostly shades (darker values) of colors. And he outlines the whole painting with tints (lighter values) of colors. Where are your favorite colors in the painting?

TEXTURE the surface quality of an artwork. It is how things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched. In an artwork, texture can be real and actual, or implied (it just looks real). Textures range from smooth and soft, to rough and sharp.

TEXTURE Mary Cassatt's painting above shows a variety of textures. The lower half of the painting is very textured, while the upper half has softer textures, with the woman's face having a very smooth texture. Cassatt gives the painting texture by using large brush strokes, and a variety of colors. Why do you think that the artist gave this painting so much texture?